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Parts and Terms for a Forklift

When operating a forklift, it is crucial to know the parts and terms for the material handling equipment you use to help promote safe operation. At Trupar America, we have put together a guide on some of the main parts of a forklift to help you get started: 

Parts of a Forklift


This is the area where the operator sits or stands. The cab contains the controls for operating the forklift, including the lift controls, steering wheel, accelerator, brake pedals, safety signals, etc.


This is an essential part of a counterbalance forklift truck. The counterweight works to prevent the trucks from tipping over when lifting and transporting a heavy load. 


Forks are two big steel tines that come out from the front of the truck and are used to handle materials, lift pallets, and remove products from high shelves. 

Fuel Tank

These are featured on gas-powered forklifts. The fuel tank is attached to the rear of the forklift and holds the fuel for the truck. Fuel type varies by model and can be diesel, gasoline, CNG, or LPG. 

Hydraulic Lift Cylinder

This is used to move the forks up the mast and controls the total vertical lift of the reach truck. 


This is what the forks move up and down on when they are moved vertically. 

Overhead Guard

This is located directly above the cab to protect the forklift operator from falling materials and the weather. 


This is located on the underside of the cab, where the mechanics of the truck are contained. Like with an automobile, this area should be inspected and maintained regularly to improve the vehicle's lifespan. 


The type of wheels used on a forklift will depend on whether it is being used indoors or outdoors. Common types of tires include:

Solid pneumatic tires- These are made of solid rubber and are extremely durable for use indoors and outdoors. 

Cushion tires- These are made of solid rubber and are specifically used for indoor, paved surfaces. 

Air-filled pneumatic tires- These have a deep tread and are made of a durable rubber material. These tires are designed for outdoor terrain. 

Are you looking for Forklifts to Add to Your Fleet? Trupar American can help!

At Trupar America, we are your top choice for a forklift dealership, offering you a large selection of new and used forklifts from top brands to meet your needs and your budget. Contact us today to learn more! 

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